Pat Shingleton: "Bombings and Solar...
Following the bombing of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, which resulted in 140,000 deaths, the Makurazaki Typhoon hit the city one month later killing 1,200. The second bombing of Japan was scheduled on August 11 but was moved up two days due to expected bad weather and the originally selected city of Kokura was later changed to Nagasaki. On this date in 1945, a B-29 bomber, nicknamed Bockscar, after its commander, Frederick Bock, took-off from the island of Tinian carrying a 9,000 pound plutonium bomb named Fat Man with a blast equivalent of 21 kilotons of TNT. Two weather observation planes scouted conditions over both target areas. At 11:02 a.m. on August 9, 1945 the nuclear inferno was unleashed 500 meters above the surface. The “solar” summer in the Northern Hemisphere ended last week and a termination for a quarter of the year with the greatest amount of sunlight. Solar summer began on June 21st with the beginning of the summer solstice for the Northern Hemisphere. To off-set the solar summer, researchers initiated the meteorological summer which typically lasts through mid September. It represents the warmest quarter of the year. Fifty-four days of summertime remain and we project to be out of the 90s September 27th, out of the 80s on October 20th and the solar winter begins November 5th. Solar winter is the quarter of the year with the least amount of sunlight.
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