Pat Shingleton: "Shots from the Air, Shots on the Course"
Concluding our series of columns related to D-Day and the invasion of Europe during World War II this report offers shots from the air and on a golf course. Nazi aircraft were constantly attacking northern England and their flight path sent them over an area where numerous golf courses were located. The Luftwaffe would load the barrels of their guns with wax which was a proven method of preventing the barrels from being clogged with ice. As they crossed the coast they would purposely “clear their guns” by firing a rounds at golf courses. The constant strafing prompted precautionary actions from those on-the-ground attempting a few "shots" of their own. The Richmond Golf Club alerted their players with revised rules that included the following: “Players should collect Shrapnel splinters that damage the Mowing machines. During Gunfire or while Bombs are falling, players may take cover without penalty for ceasing play. The position of delayed action bombs are marked by red flags. A ball moved by enemy action may be replaced. A ball in a crater may be lifted. If a bomb explosion affects a player and another ball is played-1 stroke penalty. One club length for bomb splinters and Shrapnel.”