"Weather in 1621 and.... 1963..."
Historian William Bradford and governor of Plymouth Plantation, chronicled the difficulties of the Pilgrim's crossing. The decision to land on the shores of Massachusetts was dictated by the weather. The small, 180-ton ship, The Mayflower, sailed near the southeastern tip of Cape Cod on November 19th, 1620; expecting to hold course and landing in New York Harbor. With high winds and waves, the crew plotted another course, turning northward, picking up southerly winds and after rounding the tip of the Cape, entered the protected waters of the bay. Clear weather and favorable winds on November 20th kept The Mayflower on its northerly tack, dropping anchor on the 21st in Provincetown Harbor after 65 days at sea. The winter of 1620-1621 was "a calm winter, such as was never seen here since" wrote Thomas Dudley of Massachusetts Bay. Details as to subsequent winters during the first decade of settlement at Plymouth are sketchy. Journals that were returned to England may have been slanted toward favorable weather conditions, possibly designed to not only please sponsors, but to persuade other settlers to come to America. Almost half of the original passengers and crew of the Mayflower encountered disease during the first winter on the shores of Massachusetts and Cape Cod Bay. Many stayed on the Mayflower, anchored a mile offshore and weather permitting, went ashore each day to build adequate shelters. As for the Thanksgiving menu, the Pilgrims may have enjoyed: wild fowl, venison, seal, wheat flour, Indian corn, pumpkin, peas, beans, onions lettuce, radishes, carrots, plums, grapes, chestnuts, and acorns. Seasonings were liverwort, leeks, dried currants, and parsnips. In closing, another front will activate showers late Friday evening; replicating what occurred in 1963. The preliminary forecast for Dallas and Fort Worth on November 22nd, 1963 called for cooler weather affording the First Lady, Jackie Kennedy, the opportunity of wearing a Chanel wool suit - a suit that she wore until the early hours of November 23rd. The 1961 Lincoln Continental Presidential limousine was flown from Washington D.C. to Texas, the day before. A fast moving front caused a few showers early in the morning and skies were clear for the rest of the day. History notes that because of favorable weather, and the President’s preference, the plastic bubble top was removed and the bullet-proof side windows were rolled down.
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