Pat Shingleton: "December Moments..."
Here are a couple of items concerning weather’s influence on the attack on Pearl Harbor on this date in 1941. Weather served as a convenient coding for covert messages that Japan sent to oversees officials leading up to the attack. When Japanese-Soviet relations were to be broken the message would read, KITA NO KAZE KUMORI or “north wind, cloudy.” If Japanese-British ties were to be cut, the message would read NISHI NO KAZE HARE or “West wind, clear” and if Japan was severing relations with the United States, the message would read HIGASHI NO KAZE AME, or “East wind, rain.” The message would appear at the end of shortwave radio reports alerting officials to destroy all sensitive documents. With expectations of an unseasonably warm week, cold weather adds to a feeling for the season. December 6th marks the Feast of St. Nicholas and has been celebrated since the fifth century. Nicholas, was the bishop of Myra which is modern-day Turkey. The Little Blue Book - Advent and Christmas Seasons mentions that Nicholas aided needy people, anonymously throwing small bags of gold in their windows. The legend indicates that the gold bags would land in stockings drying near the fireplace. His generosity encouraged others to give gifts during Candlemas. English reformers replaced Nicolas with Father Christmas, believing his relationship was too close to the Catholic Church. Later the name became Santa Claus and Clement Moore gave him a sleigh, reindeer, pipe, bag and a chimney in "The Night Before Christmas."
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