"Wheat-More Winter than Spring..."
The Great Falls Tribune reports that experts at Montana State University determined that over the last 58 years an annual mean temperature increase during springtime has impacted the performance of hard red spring wheat. Because of the warm-up, spring wheat seeding is twelve days earlier than 60 years ago. In addition to the increase, wheat breeders determined that temperatures are hotter later in the growing season and a late July temperature rise occurs when wheat is "filling" with starch - a critical stage in the growth process. A rapid temperature rise kills the plant. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 2007 predicted that increasing temperatures could have a positive impact on crop yields in the early part of the century resulting in more winter wheat grown than spring wheat.
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