Pat Shingleton: "Weather and Mohammed"
Two key battles occurred in the rise of Islam across the Middle East that were influenced by weather. The "suras" or chapters of the Koran identify the famous Battle of Badr, fought on Saturday, March 13, 624 C.E. Mohammed and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina because of persecution to his monotheistic teachings. He gathered 300 warriors to combat 1,000 Quraysh camel mounted warriors at the oasis of Badr, on the Syrian trade route. According to Muslim sources, a heavy overnight thunderstorm prevented the Quarysh to attempt a nighttime attack, deterring their efforts to advance through thick mud. According to the Koran, angels descended to help Mohammed. Tossing dust at his enemies, a monster dust storm forced a Quraysh retreat.