Pat Shingleton: "Father Hurricane"
On this date in 1893, Father Benito Vines died in Havanna, Cuba. Father Vines is regarded as the preeminent hurricane scholar of the 19th century. As director of the observatory at Belen College in Havana in 1870, he catalogued meticulous weather observations and conditions, especially during tropical disturbances. His observations became a climatological catalog for future forecasts. Notations included excerpts expressing brick-red sunsets, pounding surf and evaporating cumulus clouds at the approach of a hurricane. His keen sense of weather allowed him to understand the dynamics of cyclones and by 1875 he issued accurate hurricane warnings. He is recognized as "Father Hurricane" and invented the Antilles Cyclonoscope for mariners.