Pat Shingleton: "Fairways and bomb bays"
Nazi aircraft, attacking northern England, loaded the barrels of their guns with wax; preventing them from clogging with ice. As they crossed the coast they would "clear their guns" by firing a few rounds at golf courses. The Richmond Golf Club alerted players with rules that included the following: "Players should collect Shrapnel splinters that damage the Mowing machines. During Gunfire or while Bombs are falling, players may take cover without penalty for ceasing play. The position of delayed action bombs are marked by red flags. A ball moved by enemy action may be replaced. A ball in a crater may be lifted. If a bomb explosion affects a player and another ball is played-1 stroke penalty. One club length for bomb splinters and Shrapnel."