Pat Shingleton: "El Nino-The and Now..."
I dusted-off a report from 2002 that seems to hold merit. Back then, Dr. Cesar Caviedes offered an interesting account delving into the history of El Nino and its impact on world history. His research evaluated the El Nino/Southern Oscillation or ENSO and its effects on the Peruvian fishing industry. He expanded his research to current events, marine ecosystems and the disease outbreak causing the Black Death of the 1300s. He also believed that El Nino influenced the weather associated with Napoleon's advance on Moscow in 1812 and Hitler's advance on Stalingrad during World War II. When Spanish explorer Pizarro invaded South America he encountered stormy weather and a conspicuous series of "upset conditions" in the tropical Pacific.