Pat Shingleton: "Dig a Hole, Store the Water..."
Springtime streams have dried up in India. The states of Jammu and Kashmir have experienced dry outs that have complicated agricultural efforts. Mechanical engineer, Sonam Wangchuk did something about it by building a glacier. Wangchuk and his team created artificial glaciers by relocating abundant water from a local stream during the winter months and spraying it onto clay -covered ground. The clay prevents the melt water from seeping into sandy soil and cold, wintry weather, freezes the water and eventually creates a cone of ice. The seasonal change advances a warm weather change and the warm-up melts the artificial glacier, sending needed water into the local farmlands. Wangchuk has named the formations "ice stupas," after the mounds of relics used by Buddhists for meditation. The Guardian reports that last year, a 6-meter prototype stored 150,000 liters of water was stored and advanced while this year an artificial glacier is 15 meters in height and getting higher. The team's goal is to build 80 to 90 ice stupas, 30 meters in height over the next three years, that will store 1 billion liters of water capable of irrigating 1,500 acres.