pat Shingleton: "A Wash Out..."
King John "Lackland," King Henry's II's favorite son, got his nickname because his father had no land to give him. As noted in a previous column, John, the younger brother of King Richard the Lionhearted, tried to overthrow his brother. Returning from the Crusades in 1194, he forgave his brother but John was condemned by barons because of taxes. In 1215, they presented a resolution, constructing the Magna Carta which he signed but didn't embrace. Retreating from an invasion by Prince Louis of France, he and his entourage crossed the Wash, located in East Anglia. This treacherous mud flat incurred an unusually high tide; washing away his treasures including the crown of jewels. Because of the flood, King John died of dysentery in October 2016.