Going it alone, Obama rocked the boat in 2014
HONOLULU - President Barack Obama rang in 2014 as a "year of action," vowing to strengthen the nation by focusing on fairness, competitiveness and the power of American diplomacy.
Since Congress seemed unwilling to help, the president said he'd act alone.
On immigration, climate change and U.S.-Cuba relations, at least, Obama stayed true to his word, reshaping on his own decades of American policy he argued had outlived its time.
He angered Republican lawmakers in the process and suffered a crushing midterm election defeat.
All told, Obama issued more than 80 executive actions and related measures this year.
Some fell flat, never took off or had only a modest impact, a reminder of the limits a president faces by acting alone.