WBRZ http://www.wbrz.com/ WBRZ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Weather - Pat Shingleton Column en-us Copyright 2014, WBRZ. All Rights Reserved. Feed content is not avaialble for commercial use. () () Fri, 28 Nov 2014 14:11:09 GMT Synapse CMS 10 WBRZ http://www.wbrz.com/ 144 25 Pat Shingleton: Tracking http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-tracking/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-tracking/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Thu, 27 Nov 2014 3:04:06 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton: Tracking

Snow blanketed the northeast for the weekend, reminding me of another snow related directive. Weathercasters track storms, hunters track game and civil servants are diligent to keep us on track. After a heavy rain or snow event our mom, Grandma Shirley, would insist we use the "side door" of the house for entry. It afforded us an opportunity to remove wet clothing, including scarves, hats, gloves, hoods, coats and snow pants. Her most important removable were boots, that were either saturated with water or covered with snow. This entryway gave us access to either the basement or the kitchen. Her directive still resonates, "Younz boys come in by the side door, I don't want you "tracking" snow and mud across my clean kitchen floor."


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Pat Shingleton: "Before the First Thanksgiving..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-before-the-first-thanksgiving-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-before-the-first-thanksgiving-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Wed, 26 Nov 2014 2:47:04 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

William Bradford was not only the Governor of Plymouth Plantation but also a historian. He chronicled the difficulties of the Pilgrim's crossing. The decision to land on the shores of Massachusetts was dictated by weather. The small, 180-ton ship, The Mayflower, sailed near the southeastern tip of Cape Cod on November 19, 1620; expecting to hold course and land in New York Harbor. With high winds and waves, the crew plotted another course, turning northward and picking up southerly winds and after rounding the tip of the Cape, entered the protected waters of the bay. Clear weather and favorable winds on November 20, kept The Mayflower on its northerly tack, dropping anchor on November 21, in Provincetown Harbor after 65 days at sea.


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Pat Shingleton: "A Rough Start..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-a-rough-start-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-a-rough-start-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Tue, 25 Nov 2014 3:50:58 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

As noted in a previous column, the crossing for the Pilgrims was difficult. The winter of 1620 was "a calm winter, such as was never seen here" wrote Thomas Dudley of Massachusetts Bay. Details as to subsequent winters at Plymouth are sketchy. Journals that were returned to England may have been weighted toward favorable weather, designed to not only please sponsors, but to persuade other settlers to come to America. Almost half of the original passengers and crew of the Mayflower encountered disease during their first winter on the shores of Massachusetts and Cape Cod Bay. Many stayed on the Mayflower, anchored a mile offshore. If weather conditions permitted, the settlers went ashore each day to build adequate shelters.


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Pat Shingleton "Table Talk" http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-table-talk-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-table-talk-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Mon, 24 Nov 2014 4:00:09 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton

Looking back 37 years found me at my girlfriend's home for Thanksgiving. Her "Muth-aa" informed me that I incorrectly pronounced Houston -"eweston" and humid - "u-mid." Conversation at Mom's Thanksgiving table requires an interpreter. "You have something comin' up," means an item on your schedule or an upset stomach. "Reddin' up," is a directive to straighten your room. "Am I in your road?" - is getting in someone's way and "warsh" is wash - the nation's capitol is "warshington." Thanksgiving dinner includes mashed "baa-tate-us," and the state west of Pennsylvania is "Oh-high-Ya." While, smile, pile and towel are pronounced-"wow, smow-wool, pal and tile." A "sweeper" is a vacuum and vittles today are in "push buggies" or grocery carts.


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Pat Shingleton: "Harvesting the Pumpkin Patch..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-harvesting-the-pumpkin-patch-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-harvesting-the-pumpkin-patch-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Sun, 23 Nov 2014 2:30:45 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

It originated as a day to give thanks for the harvest, to embrace relationships between family and friends and an invitation to neighbors. As noted in a previous column, original traditions included the wild turkey and the pumpkin pie. Long before the arrival of pilgrims, pumpkins were used as a food source, for medicinal purposes and even pounded, dried and woven into mats for trading. The pumpkin is a member of the cucurbit or gourd family and originated from the Greek word "pepon" or "large melon." The original pumpkin pie was made by hollowing it out, filling it with milk, honey and spices then baking it in hot ashes. Pumpkins grow in numerous climates and the "Pumpkin Capitol of the World" is Morton, Illinois, home to Libby foods.


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Pat Shingleton: "Home From College..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-home-from-college-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-home-from-college-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Sat, 22 Nov 2014 2:23:08 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

Turkey and weather compliment Thanksgiving. Back in the old college days we would load as many guys into a car as possible for the trek home. At Gannon University, Marty DeRose was the wheel man, transporting fraternity brothers to Meadville, Ellwood City and Beaver Falls, PA. We left Erie on Wednesday afternoon in 1968 with clouds and light flurries. Similar to last week's lake-effect snowstorm, when we arrived in Meadville and the "snowbelt," the "white stuff" covered Marty's car. He made the deliveries and we made it to Duffy's Tavern where Little Joe was bangin' out tunes on the piano for a couple hundred college kids. Thanksgiving day was mud or snow football, and those great smells emanating from Shirley Shingleton's kitchen.


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Pat Shingleton: "A Weatherman-Snow Stuck" http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-a-weatherman-snow-stuck-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-a-weatherman-snow-stuck-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Fri, 21 Nov 2014 3:54:03 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

From 1979 through 1981, I commuted to Pittsburgh from Baton Rouge every week. I "returned home" to showcase the weather on WPXI, the NBC affiliate. My wife Mabyn, remained at "home," here in Baton Rouge. On one Monday morning I landed in Pittsburgh with snow falling at a rapid rate. By the time I reached my car and began the customary trip from the airport to the Northside of town, snowfall increased at a rapid rate. The normal drive time of 25 minutes was compromised as the parkway into the Fort Pitt tubes was locked-up in traffic. In just a few hours the November 22nd snow event found a seven inch accumulation. My morning wardrobe included shorts and a golf shirt. With my car stuck in snow, I was greeted by the floor crew with laughter.


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Pat Shingleton: "It's in the Water and Trees..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-it-s-in-the-water-and-trees-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-it-s-in-the-water-and-trees-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Tue, 18 Nov 2014 2:48:00 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

When Thomas Jefferson was Governor of Virginia, he designated 60 acres of land in Bourbon County, Kentucky for farming. Pioneers were instructed to build a permanent structure to raise, store and export "native corn." Corn was too perishable and bulky for transporting. Families consumed limited amounts of it so ingenious farmer's utilized Kentucky's resources of water, climate and white oak trees to create Kentucky Bourbon. As noted in a previous column, a manufacturing boom in Kentucky continues to break records and create jobs. Production of bourbon has increased 29% with more bourbon in Kentucky than people and the secret to the demand is overseas sales. Similar to Baton Rouge, Kentucky's iron-free water makes the best bourbon.


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Pat Shingleton: "Before UFO's..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-before-ufo-s-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-before-ufo-s-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Mon, 17 Nov 2014 3:54:42 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

During the very early days of air travel, unidentified flying objects were not referenced when folks looked to the skies. On November 17, 1896, hundreds in Sacramento watched three lights, illuminating a dark and stormy sky. The unusual object traveled 350 yards as it skirted rooftops. Five days later the object took a half-hour to cross another town where spectators claimed to have seen two men peddling a bicycle-type frame, attached to the object. Later that night the object was sighted above San Francisco as it was witnessed by thousands. The airship cruised above the Cliff House, identified by a searchlight. Numerous sightings of airships were reported until May, 1897. It was the Mongolfier borthers who began flight ballons in 1783.


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Pat Shingleton: 'A Quack Up...' http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-a-quack-up-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-a-quack-up-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Fri, 14 Nov 2014 4:24:29 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton: 'A Quack Up...'

It's opening day of Duck Season for the Coast and West Zones. Luke Guarisco holds the title as champion duck caller for Avoca and Pecan Island Duck Clubs. Along with the Duck Dynasty stars, Austin McCullough and Hayes Alexander, Luke judges callers. Geese fly in a "V" formation to provide 80% greater range than flying solo. Flying out of formation causes resistance drag. Geese return to take advantage of lift from the lead bird. When a lead goose tires, it rotates to the rear and another assumes the point position. Geese in the rear honk to encourage those ahead to maintain speed. If one is wounded or incurs a malady, two geese leave the formation to provide assistance. Leaving to aid others, they stay until death or on a return flight.


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Pat Shingleton: "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-the-wreck-of-the-edmund-fitzgerald-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-the-wreck-of-the-edmund-fitzgerald-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Thu, 13 Nov 2014 3:55:22 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

The Great Lakes can be treacherous at anytime of the year, but especially in November. An example is November 10, 1975 and a powerful storm that sank the cargo ship, Edmund Fitzgerald. It was the theme of a song by Gordon Lightfoot as the storm claimed the lives of 29 crew members. Researchers examine conditions of storms to recreate historical weather events. Scientists at The University of Wisconsin-Madison collected weather data from that day, constructing a model that replicated the Edmund Fitzgerald's demise. In 2012, this data was ingested into a model that matched conditions to the day and targeted time frames of the disaster. The study presented all aspects of the voyage from the time it left port until it sank in Lake Superior.


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Pat Shingelton: "Tree Tapping..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingelton-tree-tapping-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingelton-tree-tapping-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Wed, 12 Nov 2014 3:59:38 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingelton:

With the sugar cane harvest completed, the production of molasses will continue. The Mancivalano family operates the Adams Farm in southern Vermont. Since 1865 the farm has included a dairy, timber production and the construction of sap tanks. The mainstay of the farm is its production of maple syrup. Ideal tree tapping includes cold nights and 50-degree days that causes the "sap to run." Should freezing nights be followed by warming days, early tapping will cause a tree scab, preventing the sap from running. Tapping season runs from mid-March through mid-April when 3,500 taps are placed on 2,000 trees. For the Adams farm this represents five percent of the harvested sap. A quart of sap for each tap translates to 800 gallons of syrup.


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Pat Shingleton: "An Outdoor Message" http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-an-outdoor-message-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-an-outdoor-message-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Tue, 11 Nov 2014 3:33:09 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

The folks at Lamar Outdoor Advertising may want to consider the actions of researchers in Peru. Peru's University of Engineering and Technology tested billboards that scrub air pollution and convert it to clean air. The billboards use an air filtration system that uses water to cleanse the dirty air by trapping pollutants in the water. This process allows pristine air to be emitted back into the atmosphere. Lima is recognized by the World Meteorological Organization as the city with the highest pollution levels in South America. A single billboard can purify 100,000 cubic meters of air per day which replicates the air-cleaning capacity of 1,200 mature trees. By absorbing harmful dust, the boards can clean a radius of five city blocks.


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Pat Shingleton: "Battlefield Forecasting..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-battlefield-forecasting-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-battlefield-forecasting-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Mon, 10 Nov 2014 3:53:56 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

In this morning's Advocate there will be examples of veterans that have served, sacrificed and embraced their duty for our country. It is celebrated on the same day as the signing of the Armistice, ending World War I at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. Sverre Pettersen championed the effort, against monumental opposition, to postpone the D-Day invasion until June 6. His forecast averted a potential disaster caused by landing in high winds and waves. The gale-force winds on June 5 subsided enough to initiate the landing. As noted in a previous column, there are additional accounts in his book, "Weathering the Storm," including rumors that the Army Air Corps team saved the day and the British forecasters failed


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Pat Shingleton: The Porch http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-the-porch/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-the-porch/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Sat, 8 Nov 2014 12:49:21 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton: The Porch

Porches were originally designed to provide space for folks to pause before entering or exiting a home or building. As noted in a previous column, porches in England provided cover for worshippers and for liturgical use. Before a baptism, the priest would begin the service on the porch. In medieval times, a room was added above the porch to be used as a school room, storeroom or armory or as a custodian residence for supervision of the church. I remember our back porch as an area for removal of working clothes, boots and shoes; decreasing dirt from the interior of the house. Our covered front porch provided protection from sun and rain. The porch was a place of interaction with family, friends and visitors, rarely experience these days.


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Pat Shingleton: "Football At Night..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-football-at-night-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-football-at-night-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Fri, 7 Nov 2014 4:09:20 PM Pat Shingleton Growing-up in the northeast, college football games were always played in the afternoon. We followed Pitt, Penn State and especially Notre Dame, where my brother Mike enrolled and local football stars Terry Hanratty and Chuck Landolfi played. Similar to Baton Rouge, football games were limited to just three network channels so the power of WWL put us in Tiger Stadium at night with the 60 temperatures. Playing "under the lights" for us was confined to Ewing Park's baseball and football fields. Alabama never beat Notre Dame until the Nick Saban era, not the case with LSU. From the hi-fi to the television, I remember my brother Mike, Manager of the Top Shelf in Pittsburgh, hurling objects at the TV when LSU, stomped the Irish 28 to 8 in 1971.


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Pat Shingleton: "THE Honeymoon..." http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-the-honeymoon-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-the-honeymoon-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Wed, 5 Nov 2014 4:02:49 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

Moonrise tonight will be at 5:20 pm. This full moon was referenced by Native Americans as the "Full Beaver Moon." "Honeymoon" dates back to the 1500s when newlyweds enjoyed the fullness of the period, after their marriage. Once settled, it was presumed that the experience would "wane," similar to a waning moon. Four years ago Erika Svanstrom and her husband, Stefan, experienced an unusual honeymoon, including six natural disasters that began with a major snowstorm in Munich. In Cairns, Australia they experienced a cyclone with flooding in Brisbane. In New Zealand a magnitude 6.3 earthquake struck. Their next stop was Tokyo and another earthquake and tsunami followed by a monsoon in Bali. The Svanstrom's have been in therapy ever since.


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Pat Shingleton: "Hail Blasting" http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-hail-blasting-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-hail-blasting-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Tue, 4 Nov 2014 3:53:31 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

Tuesday's column noted Griffin Morgan's research on the use of cannons in preventing hail damage to crops. Luigi Bombicci was a minerologist in Bologna, Italy and in 1880, believed that hail could be prevented. His theory of "spherohedron" described the hailstone as a process of crystallization and to prevent the development of hail, sound could be used. In 1896, Albert Steiger, Mayor of Windisch-Feistritz, Austria, made the first attempt to defeat hail with the force of sound and did so by modifying a locomotive smokestack. He packed the smokestack with black powder and directed the discharge directly into a thunderstorm. Witnessing this, Mayor Steiger professed that hail would no longer fall on his fields and cannons were accepted.


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Pat Shingleton: "Boom-Boom Hail" http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-boom-boom-hail-/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-boom-boom-hail-/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Mon, 3 Nov 2014 3:58:20 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton:

In 1907 the Italian Royal Academy of Sciences noted that tests of anti-hail cannons weren't effective and were expensive and useless. By the early twentienth century, anti-hail cannons disappeared. Replacing the cannons were anti-hail rockets that would explode 800 grams of dynamite, above the ground, to prevent hail formation. These explosions caused cold core eddies that surround hail, pulverizing it. These rockets were in conflict with safety measures implemented by civil aviation. In 1972, the Corballan Company of France marketed a new version of the hail cannon and remains the largest manufacturer of the devices. The new cannons substitute acetylene for black powder, automatically load and reload and are fired from remote locations.


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Pat Shingleton: Hold Your Breath http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-hold-your-breath/ http://www.wbrz.com/news/pat-shingleton-hold-your-breath/ Weather - Pat Shingleton Column Sun, 2 Nov 2014 2:46:32 PM Pat Shingleton Pat Shingleton: Hold Your Breath

Here's a few items of interest. Certain species of migratory birds, fish and insects can sense the Earth's magnetic field and use magnetsome cells in their brains to orient themselves and navigate during migration. In Egypt, visitors breathing inside the great pyramid Chephren at Giza are contributing to its destruction. About 0.7 ounces of water vapor is exhaled per person, raising the humidity and damaging limestone blocks. A ventilation system is in place to alleviate the problem. Can you be allergic to cold weather? Some people may step outside on a cold day and break out in hives. To check for this, place a resealable plastic bag, filled with ice on your arm for two minutes. If an itchy welt appears, you need an antihistamine.


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